How to extract CBD?

CBD comes from the cannabis plant and there are a wide variety of different ways to extract CBD. Let’s take a look at how the actual production process takes place and what actually takes place before “CBD becomes CBD”. It should be mentioned, however, that each manufacturer may have a unique way of extracting their CBD, but in general, the procedure and options are the same. This blog is for you who are interested in how CBD products are made and what processes they go through.


Cultivation of cannabis / hemp

Most of the CBD related products come from the hemp plant, which is part of the cannabis plant’s family. Like many other crops, hemp is often produced on industrial scales, which means very large facilities and fields where the plant starts as a seed and grows into a plant. Cultivation of cannabis and hemp plants can be found all over the world. When the plant is showing signs of being ready for harvest, it can be harvested specifically for CBD extraction or for its seeds and fibers. After harvest, it is possible to begin to extract CBD oil from seeds and stems. There are several different extraction methods that a manufacturer can use. Below you can read more about the three most popular methods, however, it should be mentioned that these three methods can vary a bit depending on the producer.


Oil extraction

This extraction method utilizes what is called decarboxylation, which is a chemical process that involves a heat source as well as “raw cannabis”. This method has a relatively low yield as only leaves are used. One of the most important, if not the most important one, benefit of using this method is the taste of the finished CBD oil. Here you get a more “pure taste” and there are many CBD users who prefer this taste, rather than the slightly sharper and sometimes bitter taste, also better known as “raw CBD”.


Ethanol extraction

Ethanol is a solvent on which several forms of cannabis extraction depend to some extent. The cost is relatively low, so ethanol can be a very effective way to extract CBD for many manufacturers. The extraction itself is performed by soaking hemp or cannabis in ethanol until it dissolves. Finally, the liquid is heated to remove the alcohol and evaporate the substance down to what we know as the CBD base oil. Although this method is relatively inexpensive, it is somewhat considered an inefficient method as it is an incredibly time-consuming process.


CO2 extraction

CO2 extraction, which is also known as “super critical carbon dioxide extraction” is a method with several different benefits and therefore it is also the most popular one. This involves using a high-pressure carbon dioxide to extract CBD from the plant. In general, this method is considered the best as it preserves the purity of the CBD oil, i.e. it is not at any time mixed with anything else. This also means that producers have the opportunity to produce pure CBD from the cannabis plants. At the same time, you can use the whole plant and not just leaves or stems. In CO2 extraction, producers do not have to heat the oil so that the final oil retains the heat-sensitive chemicals that would otherwise be destroyed. This method is used for all CBD “raw” products, as mentioned above.


Once the CBD has been extracted, it can be incorporated / used in oils, capsules and many other CBD products.


Different methods = different CBD oils

The different methods used to extract CBD yield different types of CBD oil. Before you shop, it is always a good idea to figure out which method the manufacturer has used. If we look at method 3, for example, then you can expect that your CBD oil will be a little more natural, but also have a somewhat sharper taste. Therefore, there are of course some considerations that you need to think about before you buy CBD for the first time or if you change where you purchase your CBD at. So, basically: different approaches mean different end products, even though they are all related to CBD oil. If you have not tried CBD before, it is recommended that you start with products extracted with method 3, and then find out if it is just right for you. You can, without any problems, switch between CBD producers/dealers, as long as they are all of high quality and live up to the rules and regulations that exist when producing and trading CBD products.

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For the past 6 years, Rasmus has worked with a lot of different tasks as a digital consultant. His areas of work here with us are very different and he uncovers many of our important focus areas. Rasmus has an MBA education behind him as well as a lot of experience ranging from small start-ups to very large companies. His education combined with his experience means that Rasmus has a good understanding of business, focus on facts and makes sure to get directly to the point. As a digital consultant, Rasmus has worked with websites, SEO, texts, blogs, etc. for many years and therefore constantly have his finger on the pulse.